Research Activities: 2012

Sustainable Crack-Free, Environmental-Friendly Concrete “Crack Free Eco-Crete”

 Status Complete               View Final Report: PDF
Sequential Number R322
Identification Number 00040518
Matching Research Agency Icelandic Road Administration
Principal Investigator Kamal H. Khayat
Professor, Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Missouri University of Science and Technology
224 Engineering Research Lab
Rolla, MO 65401
(573) 341-6223
Student Involvement

One Ph.D. student


Project Objective

The main objective of the proposed project is to produce a new-class of environmental friendly concrete material of normal compressive strength that is highly flowable: either self-consolidating concrete (SCC or, super workable concrete (SWC) consistency. The project aims at maximizing SCM and filler contents to reduce the carbon footprint of the material. The project will seek to evaluate the feasibility of using expansive agents to prevent shrinkage cracking and to induce chemical prestressing in the fiber reinforcement.


Project Abstract
Since concrete is the most used construction material in the world, it accounts for a considerable part of CO2 emissions. This means that besides to its appreciable roles, it may be considered as a significant source of emission of greenhouse gases. The solution of this problem is to reduce the environmental impact of concrete and cement through the idea of Eco-Concrete. Besides to its environmental benefits, Eco-Crete is also important from the economical perspective. Because, incorporating high volumes of industrial by-products as replacements for Portland cement makes the Eco-Crete more energy efficient and cheap to produce.

Relationship to other Research/Projects

This is a standalone project under the advanced materials theme of the Center for Transportation Infrastructure and Safety (CTIS) National University Transportation Center (NUTC) at Missouri S&T.


Transportation-Related Keywords

Environmental Impact, Concrete, Carbon Foot print

Technology Transfer Activities

The technology transfer activities will include a final research report and dissemination of the findings through a national conference via technical presentation(s) and publication(s).


Project Deliverables

An extensive literature review report will be submitted to summarize the available knowledge on the design and performance of Eco-SCC and Eco-Crete systems. A quarterly report will be presented and in the end of the project, a final report, summarizing the findings will be submitted. Based on the results obtained in the research process, a technical paper highlighting the scientific findings will be submitted to a leading journal.

Anticipated Benefits

Development ofenvironmental friendly concrete. Such material can be used in transportation infrastructure to produce an environmentally friendly construction material with low carbon foot print.


Project Start Date: 10/01/2012
Project End Date: